Welcome to  THE EMP REPORT

Providing the latest publications, news articles, executive reports, and related information on Electromagnetic Pulse Threats and Mitigation Efforts


EMP Commission Report 2008
Critical National Infrastructures Report - The EMP Commission was reestablished via the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 to continue its efforts to monitor, investigate, make recommendations, and report to Congress on the evolving threat to the United States from electromagnetic pulse attack resulting from the detonation of a nuclear weapon or weapons at high altitude.
News and Reviews for EMP Report...
Executive Report - The EMP Commission was reestablished via the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 to continue its efforts to monitor, investigate, make recommendations, and report to Congress on the evolving threat to the United States from electromagnetic pulse attack resulting from the detonation of a nuclear weapon or weapons at high altitude.
New York Times best selling author William R. Forstchen now brings us a story which can be all too terrifyingly real...a story in which one man struggles to save his family and his small North Carolina town after America loses a war, in one second, a war that will send America back to the Dark Ages...A war based upon a weapon, an Electro Magnetic Pulse (EMP). A weapon that may already be in the hands of our enemies.

Months before publication, One Second After has already been cited on the floor of Congress as a book all Americans should read, a book already being discussed in the corridors of the Pentagon as a truly realistic look at a weapon and its awesome power to destroy the entire United States, literally within one second. It is a weapon that the Wall Street Journal warns could shatter America. In the tradition of On the Beach, Fail Safe and Testament, this book, set in a typical American town, is a dire warning of what might be our future...and our end.
Lights Out chronicles the challenges of Mark “Karate Man” Turner when the lights go out over most of the free world. He must find in himself the ability to unite his family, friends, and neighbors if any of them are to survive the harsh reality that everyday life becomes when the veneer of civilization is stripped away.
The adverse effects of extreme space weather on modern technology--power grid outages, high-frequency communication blackouts, spacecraft anomalies--are well known and well documented, and the physical processes underlying space weather are also generally well understood. Less well documented and understood, however, are the potential economic and societal impacts of the disruption of critical technological systems by severe space weather. 

As a first step toward determining the socioeconomic impacts of extreme space weather events and addressing the questions of space weather risk assessment and management, a public workshop was held in May 2008. The workshop brought together representatives of industry, the government, and academia to consider both direct and collateral effects of severe space weather events, the current state of the space weather services infrastructure in the United States, the needs of users of space weather data and services, and the ramifications of future technological developments for contemporary society's vulnerability to space weather. The workshop concluded with a discussion of un- or underexplored topics that would yield the greatest benefits in space weather risk management.
Presentation by John Kappenman, Owner of Storm Analysis Consultants. Presentation given to Washington DC officials on October 6, 2011.
Presentation by John Kappenman, Owner of Storm Analysis Consultants. Presentation given December 1, 2009.
The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) partnered in July of 2009 on an effort to address High-Impact, Low-Frequency risks to the North American bulk power system. In August, NERC formed a steering committee made up of industry and risk experts to lead the development of an initial workshop on the subject, chaired by Scott Moore, VP Transmission System & Region Operations for American Electric Power, and Robert Stephan, Former Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Protection in the National Protection and Programs Directorate of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The workshop was held in Washington, D.C. on November 9–10, 2009.

The approximately 110 attendees at the closed session included representatives from the United States’ Congressional Staff, Department of Defense (DOD), DHS, DOE, Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), EMP Commission, and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Representatives from each of the North American electric industry’s major sectors, including investor owned utilities, cooperatives, and municipal utilities were also in attendance.

The workshop was divided into three tracks: Cyber or Physical Coordinated Attack, Pandemic, and Geomagnetic Disturbance / Electro-magnetic Pulse risk. Each track was given a set of questions to answer as part of a moderated, interactive dialog designed to identify next steps on each of these risks. Topics discussed during the working sessions included: approaches to measure and monitor HILF risks, potential mitigation steps, and formulating an effective public/private partnership to more effectively address these issues. Focus was given to determining the appropriate balance of prevention, resilience, and restoration.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) released an important study consisting of a series of comprehensive technical reports produced by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (for FERC) in joint sponsorship with the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

It was issued to provide the basis for a technical understanding of how EMP threats affect the power grid. Metatech Corporation of Goleta, CA prepared the reports under the direction of Dr. Ben McConnell of the Power and Energy Systems Group at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
The US Army War College held a workshop in 2010 to discuss how an EMP would affect military planning. This report documents the activities and conclusions of that workshop.
From the report:

"The preservation of the electric grid is central to the defense of the United States. To assess the state of preparedness of the United States in the event of the loss of critical infrastructure, especially of electrical and communications infrastructure, the Center of Strategic Leadership at the U.S. Army War College conducted a three day workshop which assembled a body of subject matter experts, civic leaders, and electric industry providers to create awareness, discuss threat postures, and recommend actions to better prepare for the possibility of a critical infrastructure failure or collapse of the electrical grid and associated electronic devices due to either a solar storm, electromagnetic pulse (EMP), or a cyber attack."
The National Defense Authorization Bill includes, for the first time, requirements for the Secretary of Defense to report to Congress whether, and how, the Department of Defense is prepared for the effects of electromagnetic pulse (EMP),

"whether natural or manmade. Within 120 days... the report should include the following:

(1) An assessment of any threats posed by a natural or manmade EMP event, including identifying the foreign countries that may be developing weapons capable of producing a high altitude EMP, the nature of the capabilities, and possible advances in the capabilities over the next 10 years;

(2) A description of any efforts by the Department of Defense since the 2008 EMP Commission Report was released to address the findings in 

(3) A description of the appropriate authorities, capabilities, procedures, protections, and force structure that the United States may require over the next 10 years to address the findings in (1);

(4) A description of Government contingency response plans to mitigate the consequences of or remediate after an EMP event, especially with regard to critical infrastructure;

(5) In the event that no Government contingency response plans exist, a description of what steps are being undertaken by the Department on an emergency basis to respond to an EMP event;

(6) A description of plans and guidance for military base commanders to be prepared to act on their own authority to provide support to or receive support from local authorities, police, fire, and other emergency services, as well as plans and training with civil first responders in their locality to help restore critical infrastructures and assist the civilian population after a catastrophic EMP event, and;

(7) An assessment of additional legal authorities or resources that may be needed to develop contingency response plans and capabilities to protect the American people and remediate critical infrastructures after an EMP event."

You can read the entire bill in this PDF file, which has a special bookmark that takes you to page 68, where the text about electromagnetic pulse begins.
This guidance was developed by a Federal interagency committee led by the Executive 
Office of the President (National Security Staff and Office of Science and Technology 
Policy) with representatives from the Departments of Defense, Energy, Health and Human 
Services, Homeland Security (DHS), Labor, Transportation, Veteran's Affairs, the 
Environmental Protection Agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Future editions and interagency coordination related to Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation will be coordinated by DHS, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

From the Introduction:
One of the most catastrophic incidents that could befall the United States (US), causing enormous loss of life and property and severely damaging economic viability, is a nuclear detonation in a US city. It is incumbent upon all levels of government, as well as public and private parties within the US, to prepare for this incident through focused nuclear attack response planning. Nuclear explosions present substantial and immediate radiological threats to life and a severely damaged response infrastructure. Local and State community preparedness to respond to a nuclear detonation could result in life-saving on the order of tens of thousands of lives.

The purpose of this guidance is to provide emergency planners with nuclear detonation-specific response recommendations to maximize the preservation of life in the event of an urban nuclear detonation.
This policy document–generally known as PPD-8–was released by the White House in March, 2011, and distributed to federal agencies whose job it is to deal with issues of national security–in this case, PPD-8 is a policy for preparedness that will be chiefly implemented by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

From the FEMA web site: "The directive was developed to strengthen our Nation’s security and resilience against a variety of hazards, including terrorism, pandemics and catastrophic natural disasters. It also reflects the Administration’s belief that the entire emergency management team – which includes all levels of government, the private and non-profit sectors and individual citizens – plays a key role in keeping our communities safe and secure, meeting the needs of survivors when disaster strikes and preventing the loss of life and property."